The Spanish invasion of Mesoamerica in the sixteenth century has been one of their most renowned victories. The success of the…. Essays Essays FlashCards. Browse Essays. Show More. Coincidentally, the year the Spanish arrived in Mexico, , the Nahua were expecting Quetzalcoatl, an ancient god that was believed to return and reclaim his positions and lands.
Since the Nahua had never seen Europeans before, these foreign, white, fully clothed creatures were treated like gods and welcomed. Unknowingly, Moctezuma put Tenochtitlan in danger and at a huge disadvantage.
Each side in the Inca civil war saw the other as the greatest threat. The civil war separated and weakened the Incas as a whole and gave the Spaniards a huge advantage since there was barely an. Read More. Words: - Pages: 3. Words: - Pages: 4.
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Words: - Pages: 6. Words: - Pages: 7. The Spanish Conquest Essays success and the discovery of land to be colonized and this amazing empire known as the Aztec empire.
Fall Of Aztec Inca Empires
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His fame helped him gain further royal patronage, allowing him to lead three more expeditions to the Caribbean before his death in On his second voyage, which left from Cadiz in , Columbus sailed with 17 ships carrying soldiers, farmers, craftsman, and priests who would go on to establish the first permanent colonies in the Americas. Over the decades that followed, the Spanish killed, conquered, and enslaved people from hundreds of different indigenous groups in the New World, but they were perhaps most interested in the vast riches of the Aztec and Inca empires.
When the Spanish came to a place for the first time, they were often friendly with the locals, who would give them gifts of gold and women. Instead of placating the Spanish, this evidence of great wealth fueled their dreams of conquering the indigenous people, raiding their treasures, taking control of their land with its gold and silver mines, and becoming rich beyond their wildest dreams. Today, Malintzin, commonly known as La Malinche , is a very important figure in Mexican history, though interpretations of her actions are a great source of controversy in Mexico.
Along the way, the Spaniards came across different indigenous groups willing to help them defeat the Aztecs, especially the Tlaxcala. These groups had previously been conquered by the Aztecs and forced to serve the Empire, and they resented having to make tributes and provide victims for religious sacrifices.
Under constant attack, the Spanish were forced to flee the city. Atahualpa accepted — backed by thousands of loyal warriors, he was not afraid of Pizarro and his men, who numbered less than However, Pizarro launched an attack, killing thousands of Incas and capturing Atahualpa. The Inca leader knew what the gold-hungry Spanish were after and offered to pay a ransom by filling the room where he was being held with gold. Pizarro accepted, and during the following months Incas brought gold, silver, jewelry, and other riches from all over the Empire.